To implement the economic modeling for planting native species, VERENA has been identifying real success stories in four forest typologies that are more favorable to the activity.
The Forestry Continuum shows the gradient of the diverse forest typologies according to their silvicultural management characteristics, starting with the basic type of a primary native forest on the left.
VERENA has defined four types of the Forestry Continuum able to contribute to a new forest industry in Brazil, to focus on. These are:
Biodiverse Economic Plantation — This relates to planting different native species, sorted according to a spatial design determined in accordance with the ecological conditions of each species. Planting usually takes place in interspersed rows according to functional group. The management of thinning and the use of non-timber products allow the generation of short-term revenue. It is the typology with the greatest potential for use in a Legal Reserve.
Monoculture Economic Plantation — As its name implies, it is the cultivation of a single native species, usually planted in lines and with a handling similar to eucalyptus. The parica plantations in the north of the country follow this model.
Mixed (Native and Exotic species) Plantation — This corresponds to a mixture of native and exotic species such as, for example, eucalyptus. This type of arrangement favors the partial obtaining of short-term revenue, due to the short cycle of the exotic species.
Agroforestry Systems (AFS) — This is a complex type, which adds agricultural crops to the model, making it very useful for small producers, who can obtain revenue in the short term through annual crops.